The 5 stages of group development explained

Its members frequently socialize and even take group vacations. According to co-CEO John Mackey, they have developed a high degree of trust that results in better communication and a willingness to work out problems and disagreements when they occur. It’s a great way to keep the team and your stakeholders on the same page.

  • After all, their ability to overcome obstacles and achieve their goals is a reflection of a management job well done.
  • Because the marketing team successfully completed their objective, they enter into the adjourning stage of group development.
  • Teams usually develop norms that guide the activities of team members.
  • Our writers are also not the kind to decorate articles with unnecessary filler words.
  • A strong team leader is the backbone of every high-performing team.
  • We link primary sources — including studies, scientific references, and statistics — within each article and also list them in the resources section at the bottom of our articles.

To grow from this stage to the next, each member must relinquish the comfort of non-threatening topics and risk the possibility of conflict. In this stage, team members are in the process what are the four stages of group development of learning how to work together. As team members begin collaborating, conflicts may arise, whether that’s from clashing personalities or opinions on how a project should progress.

A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal. Leadership is shared, and members are willing to adapt to the needs of the group. Information flows seamlessly and is uninhibited due to the sense of security members feel in the norming stage. Tuckman’s final stage of group development, adjourning, was not originally part of his development model. During this closure or mourning phase, the group dissolves or disbands following the successful completion of their main objective.

Stage 4: Performing stage

Now that you know about the various stages of team development, take a look at your team and decide what you’re meant to do. Ensure that you enforce the right opportunities to create an atmosphere that is conducive for coordinated work and successful execution of your goals. After the team has successfully ‘formed’, the ‘storming’ stage begins.

The primary function of speech at this age is to externalize thinking, rather than for communication. Children may talk in a stream of consciousness and develop more sophisticated language skills as they move through this stage. When a child has object permanence, it means they can now form a mental image, or representation, of an object instead of only reacting to experiences in their immediate environment. At around 6 months, they will begin to understand object permanence. This means the child knows that objects continue to exist even if they can no longer see, hear, or feel them.

Team members may feel a variety of concerns about the team’s impending dissolution. They may be feeling some anxiety because of uncertainty about their individual role or future responsibilities. They may feel sadness or a sense of loss about the changes coming to their team relationships. And at the same time, team members may feel a sense of deep satisfaction at the accomplishments of the team. Individual members might feel all of these things at the same time, or may cycle through feelings of loss followed by feelings of satisfaction.

Signs and questions to look out for in the performing stage

Having a team with already existing collaborative skills can help resolve conflicts more easily and faster. If your team has reached this stage, you’re on a clear path to success. You have a mature, well-organized group now fully-focused on reaching the project goals established in the Forming stage.

Adjourning is used to wrap up the activities of the group and provide team members with a sense of closure or fulfillment. Once a group receives the clarity that it so desperately needs, it can move on to the third stage of group development, known as the norming stage — where the group becomes a cohesive unit. Morale is high as group members actively acknowledge the talents, skills, and experience that each member brings to the group. A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group’s purpose and goal.

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The focus for group members during the forming stage is to become familiar with each other and their purpose. At its peak, the group moves into the fourth stage of group development, known as the performing stage. Competence in all members is seen, allowing for a high level of autonomy in decision making. Problem solving, experimentation and testing possible solutions are high as group members are focused on task completion and achievement. The overall objective of the group during the performing stage is to complete their mission and fulfill their purpose though goal achievement. During the first stage of orientation, when the group was in the stage of forming, the first thing we did was to discover one another and achieve a certain degree of interdependence.

what are the four stages of group development

Members often have high positive expectations for the team experience. At the same time, they may also feel some anxiety, wondering how they will fit in to the team and if their performance will measure up. Goals, Signals, and Measures – One of the best investments you can make at this stage is clarifying what you’re trying to achieve and how you’ll know you’re successful. This workshop involves brainstorming, discussion, and decision-making. It can be tough at times – I won’t lie – but the shared understanding you’ll build is worth powering through. This article explains Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development, key concepts, and how people can use them to help children learn and develop.

Working to build a better world

A good leader is someone who knows how to build these relationships genuinely and reap the results of productivity as a secondary reward. A good team leader will not only know each stage, but what exactly to facilitate for each stage so that they can reach the final stage quickly and with the best results. As you communicate with them you notice how confidently they articulate their ideas. While originally things had been going according to plan, roadblocks crop up during this stage. Remote teams A simple platform that tells you how remote teams really feel, and fosters action-oriented 1-on-1 conversations.

what are the four stages of group development

Coach all team members to be assertive, and stand up for their ideas and opinions in a positive and calm way. In the end, they sell the garden, and go their separate ways, capping off the project as a complete success in every way. If the team members have grown attached to the project, they may even mourn the fact that the project is ending and that they need to move on to work on other projects. In order to understand how and when each of them spends time working in the garden, they track their time.


From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it. Ou have just been hired as the human resources manager by your company’s chief executive officer . During your interview process, the CEO indicated that in the last 2 decades, the workforce demographics of her company have changed dramatically. The group I studied first formed about a year ago, when I was taking up the course of at the [name of school/university]. We formed a group for the purpose of conducting an activity, where members should do actual research on the basic problems that the citizens were usually experiencing in connection to health. It was something that should be done by all students of the class, and we formed a group to fulfilling a task requirement.

White-Fairhurst TPR model

The second stage of group development is known as the storming stage — where conflict and competition are at their greatest. Such issues can relate to things like the group’s tasks, individual roles, and responsibilities or even to the group members themselves. More dominant group members emerge while other, less confrontational members stay in the comfort and security of suppressing their feelings just as they did in the previous stage.

Leadership, power, and structural issues dominate this stage. Psychologist Bruce Tuckman was the first to document the different phases that teams go through as they develop. In this article, we discuss the different stages of group development and how you can guide your team through them to optimize collaboration.

Scenario: You’re leading your team through the forming stage

StageAgeWhat happenssensorimotor stage0–2 yearsBabies start to build an understanding of the world through their senses by touching, grasping, watching, and listening. Are you looking for custom essay writing service or even dissertation writing services? Just request for our write my paper service, and we\’ll match you with the best essay writer in your subject!

Tuckman’s model for group development is known and widely taught among business owners. Tuckman’s model has shown great results across many different businesses and for many different leaders. This is where it’s important to level with individual contributors and truly get to know what’s going on.

Performance norms are very important because they define the level of work effort and standards that determine the success of the team. As you might expect, leaders play an important part in establishing productive norms by acting as role models and by rewarding desired behaviors. After the storming phase, the norming stage of group development begins. The norming stage is characterized by cooperation and integration as a result of group members finally receiving clarity in their goals and addresses to their concerns. Norming represents a time when the group returns to being a cohesive unit and the morale needed to complete group tasks remains high. Group members acknowledge the talents, strengths, and skills of other members on the team, leading to a sense of community and motivation to work towards the group’s ultimate goal.